Free Downloads(Learning the Intervals)





It is, of course, possible to play from Klavar music without any ability to name the chords and intervals. In fact, over concentration on naming and analysing can actually inhibit fluent playing. The music should always come first; analysing after. However, I believe that for a deeper enjoyment of the music and certainly in order to discuss the music meaningfully, a knowledge of intervals and chords is essential.

The benefits of knowing the intervals

The first step in forming a close relationship with someone is to learn their name. So it is in music. We may already be able to find the notes and many of the chords with ease due to the exceptional clarity of Klavar, but when we can identify each interval and chord by name, they acquire a more distinct personality. When we meet them in the music we can then greet them with the broad smile that we reserve for our best friends. We derive a special kind of comfort from this familiarity which I believe enables us to play with greater EASE and CONFIDENCE. There is also a kind of intellectual pleasure of actually "knowing" what we are playing. Though we may not wish to invoke this ability to analyse, all the time, it is there if we need it.

It is definitely much easier to LEARN a new piece that we may wish to play from MEMORY if we can analyse and name the chords and intervals.

Our ability to play by EAR will improve when we have played carefully all the tunes in this book paying attention to the intervals that make those sounds.

Our SIGHT READING should improve dramatically after mastering the intervals and we will learn to anticipate certain combinations--notice for example how frequently a TRITONE resolves into a minor 6th or a major third.

Our FINGERING will become more fluent when we have practised the intervals in the most natural positions.

The cartoon illustrations

The illustrations are not simply to amuse the "children". They are an integral part of fixing the intervals vividly in our minds; specially in their use of mirror images. Pattern recognition is essential in music and the memory is helped enormously by these mirror image cartoons.


I have used the terms familiar to Klavar players, not the more accurate but more complicated terms of traditional music notation. An augmented fourth is treated the same as a diminished fifth, for example, as on the piano they use the same notes. Only "flats" are used, not sharps. In traditional notation double sharps, double flats etc are necessary to describe certain combinations of notes; this is of theoretical value only and is avoided in this book.

Carl Neilson, the Danish composer, writes in his book Living Music:

"In studying the basic intervals - one must be taught to regard a melodic 3rd as a gift of God, a 4th as an experience and a 5th as the supreme bliss. We must first reverence and respect the simple intervals, dwell on them, listen to them, learn from them and love them" .

I wish you joy in this endeavour.


Peter Jackson. Hong Kong 1997     Revised 2001    On-line 2006


*Right click to save the file then print, left click to view*

03-Semitones overview

04-Semitones in use

05-Whole Tones overview

06-Whole Tones in use

07-Minor Thirds-p1

08-Minor Thirds-p2

09-Minor Thirds-p3

10-Minor Thirds in use

11-Major Thirds-p1- Nurse

12-Major Thirds-p2-Pirate

13-Major Thirds-p3-Police-biker

14-Major Thirds 04-Doctor-Clown

15-Triads - Major and minor

16-Major Thirds in use

17-Perfect Fourths - overview

18-Fourths-foot-black shipNBG


20-Fourths in use

21-Tritones - overview

22-Tritones - p1

23-Tritones - p2

24-Tritones in use


26-Fifths - white pairs

27-Fifths-Black Pairs

28-Fifths in use

29-TEST - Major 3rds

30-TEST on 4ths

31-Minor 6ths Rainbow Clinic

32-Minor 6ths-Security Guards

33-Minor 6ths Visitors welcome & unwelcome

34-Minor 6ths in use

35-Grave by Teleman

36-Pochod -practise piece

37-Major 6ths sitting ducks

38-Major 6ths storks save the babies

39-Major 6ths Tanks and Guns

40-Major 6ths in use

41-Diminished Triads

42-Gladiators-Diminished chords in use

43-Augmented Triads

44-Hope Springs Aug Triads in use

45-Inversions of chords

46-TEST on 5ths

47-Minor 7ths overview

48-Minor 7ths-Practise

49-Major 7ths-overview

50-Major 7th and Octave in use

51-Octave Study by Chopin

52-Octaves and 7ths in Goodbye by PSJ

53-TEST on large intervals -p1

54-TEST on large intervals-p2

55-Over the Rainbow-p1

56-Over the Rainbow - p2

57-Allegretto by Neefe

58-Jingle Bells - exercise

59-Happy Birthday - Exercise

60-Frere Jacques - exercise

New Notes For Old - Conventional notation and Klavar compared

Further lessons:


There are totally 78 lessons in our piano and in our organ courses, and 60 lessons in our Accordion course. To obtain all the lessons of the course of your choice on CDROM, so you can print the lessons yourself from the CD-rom, please send a cheque or money order for £25, made payable to:             KLAVAR MUSIC FOUNDATION OF GB.


The lessons are also available as printed hard copies  at about £25 per batch of 13 lessons for Organ and Piano and 12 lessons per batch of Accordion lessons. Please email the director if you require these and he will send you details of the latest prices and postage.Please  send postal enquiries, cash, cheques or money orders and bank drafts to: Peter Jackson, Klavar House, 50 Po Wah Yuen, Lamma Island, Hong Kong


Alternatively, those with a UK bank account may pay cash or cheques directly into their local branch of  Barclays Bank, payable to our  account: KLAVAR MUSIC FOUNDATION OF Gt Britain, sort code 20-50-21-- account number 40544280 

Please address all enquiries to me at this Email address:  or the above Hong Kong postal address.